Battle of Dongola between early Arab-Muslims and Nubian of Makuria Kingdom in 642
The First Battle of Dongola was a battle between early Arab-Muslim forces of the Rashidun Caliphate and the Nubian- forces of the Kingdom of Makuria in 642.
The battle, which resulted in a Makurian victory, temporarily halted Arab incursions into Nubia and set the tone for an atmosphere of hostility between the two cultures until the culmination of the Second Battle of Dongola in 652.
The Second Battle of Dongola or Siege of Dongola was a military engagement between early Arab forces of the Rashidun Caliphate and the Nubian forces of the kingdom of Makuria in 652.
The battle ended Muslim expansion into Nubia, establishing trade and a historic peace. As a result, Makuria was able to grow into a regional power that would dominate Nubia for over the next 500 years.
By Afrika is Kemet